Protective Equipment 2022/23

8 Textile gloves Gloves made from textile fibres have now largely superseded leather gloves as the most commonly-used type of glove. To improve their mechanical and chemical properties, knitted gloves are usually coated. Knitted gloves match any shape or size of hand and are similar to a second skin. Backing fabric The following materials are frequently used for knitted gloves: Cotton: Made from plant fibres and extremely skin-friendly. Cotton is pleasant and soft to wear and can absorb sweat very effectively. Polyester: Synthetic material from which elastic fibres are manufactured for gloves. Nylon: Originally a synthetic substitute for silk. Nylon is permeable to air, elastic and durable. Spandex®: (Lycra, Elastane) Synthetic fibre with excellent stability and durability. Gloves maintain their shape, are lightweight and stay resilient. Microfibre: microfibre is a modern high-tech fibre. The fabric is formed by millions of micro-fine fibres that protect against the penetration of wind and rain. However, vaporous body moisture can still evaporate easily. Fabrics made from microfibres are especially light and offer excellent shape retention. The type of knit is defined by the gauge number. The gauge is the number of stitches per inch (2.54 cm). There are • 7 gauge (coarse knit) • 10 gauge (medium knit) • 13 gauge (fine knit) • 15 gauge (finest knit) • 18-Gauge (ultra fine knit) Coating Textile gloves are stretched over moulds and dipped in latex, nitrile, PVC or neoprene baths. The glove’s properties are largely determined by the quality of the coating. Latex: Natural rubber, offering excellent grip and anti-slip properties, and is very elastic between around -20°C and 150°C. Not resistant to oils and grease. Nitrile (NBR): synthetic material, almost as elastic as latex, but more resistant and presents no risk of allergies, temperature range from approx. -4 to approx. 150 °C, resistant to grease and oil. PU (Polyurethane): Synthetic material that can be soft and elastic, depending on its blend, and offers excellent resistance to tearing PVC (Polyvinyl chloride): Synthetic that is generally very resistant to wear and tough and, thanks to its durability, is frequently used for chemical protection gloves Neoprene: Synthetic material, resistant to UV radiation, temperature range approx. -25°C to +95°C; frequently used for chemical protection gloves Kevlar®: Brand name from DuPont for fibres made from aromatic polyamides. Used in cut-proof and heat-proof gloves. Low resistance to UV. Background to materials

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