Red Deer Red deer prefer semi-open spaces in line with their native behaviour. Extensive loss of habitat has, however, pushed them back into the forests in many places. As more than 50 per cent of space is used for agriculture in Germany, for example, open fields provide essential habitat for red deer in the intensively used cultured landscape. They go there to browse and crops cover a large proportion of their food requirements. Red deer live in distinctive social structures. They often form large herds, especially in their main living areas with suitable habitats and in places where wolves now occur more frequently. Whether its a family group or large herd – damage to crops caused by red deer is very annoying for landowners and hunting practitioners. Damage like this can be successfully reduced and often even completely avoided using a properly installed electric fence. We recommend using a powerful 12 V AKO fence device that guarantees a fence voltage of around 4000 to 5000 volts. The pulse energy must be over 1 Joule up to about 5 Joules. Excellent grounding is a basic prerequisite for the effectiveness of any electric fence. A red deer defence fence should measure 1.6 to 1.8 m in height. A wooden post should be sunk at the corners of the field and, depending on the fence length, halfway along each side of the field, to which insulators are screwed. Plastic posts with integrated wire eyelets are installed in between (depending on the terrain) at intervals of 7 to 8 metres depending on the height of the fence. 13 Large game Red deer enjoying the triticale. Massive deer damage to corn. An electric fence with rags is effective.